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Writing a rationale for a research paper University

Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: Writing a ...
The goal of a research proposal is to present and justify the need to study a research problem and to present the practical ways in which the proposed study should be conducted. The design elements and procedures for conducting the research are governed by standards within the predominant discipline ...

Writing a rationale for a research paper University

Some of the newer search engines will actually send you alerts of new papers that cite particular articles of interest to you. This insures that you get to the primary subject matter quickly without losing focus, or discussing information that is too general. They must provide persuasive evidence that a need exists for the proposed study.

Its always better to acknowledge this than to have it brought up by your reader. This is accomplished with a general review of the ) but should not include very specific, lengthy explanations that you will probably discuss in greater detail later in the. These should be formatted as discussed previously (see ), but are numbered in a separate sequence from those found in the body of the paper.

The key is to summarize (for the reader) what we knew about the specific problem you did your experiments or studies. Always identify treatments by the variable or treatment name, not by an ambiguous, generic name or number (e. This section should be only one or two paragraphs long, emphasizing why the research problem is worth investigating, why your research study is unique, and how it should advance existing knowledge.

The transition into interpretive language can be a slippery slope. In addition to providing a rationale, a proposal describes detailed methodology for conducting the research consistent with requirements of the professional or academic field and a statement on anticipated outcomes andor benefits derived from the studys completion. Always report your results with parenthetical reference to the statistical conclusion that supports your finding (if statistical tests are being used in your course).

Similarly, the above title could be restated as estrogen stimulates intensity of nose-twitch courtship behavior in mice an abstract summarizes, in one paragraph (usually), the major aspects of the entire paper in the following prescribed sequence state the purpose very clearly in the first or second sentence. An appendix contains information that is non-essential to understanding of the paper, but may present information that further clarifies a point without burdening the body of the presentation. The results section always begins with text, reporting the key results and referring to your figures and tables as you proceed.

The purpose of this section is to argue how and in what ways you believe your research will refine, revise, or extend existing knowledge in the subject area under investigation. What literature should you look for in your review of what we know about the problem? - the journals that publish original research articles. How are they different? How much are they different? It is much more informative to say something like, group a individuals were 23 larger than those in group b, or, group b pups gained weight at twice the rate of group a pups. The reader will never have a study outcome from which to evaluate whether your methodological choices were the correct ones. Table or figure must include a brief description of the results being presented and other necessary information in a the body of the results section is a text-based presentation of the key findings which includes references to each of the tables and figures.


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Writing a rationale for a research paper University

Writing a research paper - unisa.ac.za
Introduction vs Research Background Abstract • A summary of what your paper is about. • Usually between 200 MUST state • What is the problem
Writing a rationale for a research paper University S. Write the text of the results section concisely and objectively. If your parenthetical statistical information includes a p-value that indicates significance (usually when p 0. A good strategy is to break the literature into conceptual categories themes rather than systematically describing groups of materials one at a time. Although it is the first section of your paper, If you find yourself repeating lots of information about the experimental design when describing the data collection procedure(s). It is not necessary (or even desirable) to use the words hypothesis or null hypothesis, since these are usually implicit if you clearly state your purpose and expectations, Similarly, the first figure is figure 1.
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    This is particularly important if the problem is complex or present the rationale of your proposed study and clearly indicate why it is worth doing. As with writing a regular academic paper, research proposals are generally organized the same way throughout most social science disciplines. You may want to identify certain types of equipment by vendor name and brand or category (e. Organize the information to present the more general aspects of the topic early in the introduction, then narrow toward the more specific topical information that provides context, finally arriving at your statement of purpose and rationale. Authors if an instructor or other individual critiqued the draft prior to evaluation) and any that supported the research.

    Only for human studies. The first table you refer to is table 1, the next table 2 and so forth. The purpose is to reflect upon gaps or understudied areas of the current literature and describe how your proposed research contributes to a new understanding of the research problem should the study be implemented as designed. Someone else should be able to go to the exact location of your study site if they want to repeat or check your work, or just visit your study area. No method is perfect so you need to describe where you believe challenges may exist in obtaining data or accessing information.

    In addition to detailing your research design, you also must conduct a thorough review of the literature and provide convincing evidence that it is a topic worthy of study. Figure or table - only the key result or trends that each conveys. If your abstract was the only part of the paper you could access, would you be happy with the information presented there? The abstract is only text. Sometimes it is necessary to report which statistical software you used this would be at the discretion of your instructor or the journal this lets you avoid having to repeatedly indicate you are using mean sd or sem. Authors usually write the text of the results section based upon the sequence of tables and figures. Note that most proposals do not include an abstract summary before the introduction. Approach it with the intention of leaving your readers feeling like--wow, thats an exciting idea and i cant wait to see how it turns out! In the real world of higher education, a research proposal is most often written by scholars seeking grant funding for a research project or its the first step in getting approval to write a doctoral dissertation. You must refer to each table andor figure individually and in sequence (see ), and clearly indicate for the reader the key results that each conveys. After reading the introduction, your readers should not only have an understanding of what you want to do, but they should also be able to gain a sense of your passion for the topic and be excited about the studys possible outcomes. A majority of readers will find your paper via electronic database searches and those search engines key on words found in the title.

    Section Headings: Main Section Headings: Each main section of the paper begins with a heading which should be capitalized, centered at the beginning of the section, and double spaced from the lines above and below.

    Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: 6. The ...

    The methods section describes actions to be taken to investigate a research problem and the rationale for the application of specific procedures or techniques used to identify, select, process, and analyze information applied to understanding the problem, thereby, allowing the reader to critically ...
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    The purpose of this section is to argue how and in what ways you believe your research will refine, revise, or extend existing knowledge in the subject area under investigation. Note that such discussions may have either substantive a potential new policy, theoretical a potential new understanding, or methodological a potential new way of analyzing significance. You should also indicate the used to analyze your results, including the probability level at which you determined significance (usually at 0. The above statements apply regardless of the complexity of the analysis you employ. Just because you dont have to actually conduct the study and analyze the results, doesnt mean you can skip talking about the analytical process and potential implications Buy now Writing a rationale for a research paper University

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    Is the average height of male students the same as female students in a pool of randomly selected biology majors you would first collect height data from large random samples of male and female students. Cited works should always use a standard format that follows the writing style advised by the discipline of your course i. Connected to the background and significance of your study is a section of your proposal devoted to a more deliberate review and synthesis of prior studies related to the research problem under investigation. You should also indicate the used to analyze your results, including the probability level at which you determined significance (usually at 0. Write the text of the results section concisely and objectively Writing a rationale for a research paper University Buy now

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    Once the scientific context is decided, then youll have a good sense of what level and type of general information with which the introduction should begin. The goal of a research proposal is to present and justify the need to study a research problem and to present the practical ways in which the proposed study should be conducted. Not use a title page - it is a waste of paper for our purposes) the title. Ay 1995 pool of biology majors if the summary statistics are shown in a figure, the sentence above need not report them specifically, but must include a reference to the figure where they may be seen males averaged 12. Designators such as tube 1, tube 2, or site 1 and site 2 are completely meaningless out of context and difficult to follow in context Buy Writing a rationale for a research paper University at a discount

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    Location data must be as precise as possible grover nature preserve, mi sw grover, maine rather than grover nature preserve or grover. Specify the research operations you will undertake and the way you will interpret the results of these operations in relation to the research problem. A bibliography contains references that you may have read but have not specifically cited in the text. Designators such as tube 1, tube 2, or site 1 and site 2 are completely meaningless out of context and difficult to follow in context. Thus, the objective here is to convince the reader that your overall research design and methods of analysis will correctly address the problem and that the methods will provide the means to effectively interpret the potential results Buy Online Writing a rationale for a research paper University

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    Think about what questions other researchers have asked, what methods they have used, and what is your understanding of their findings and, where stated, their recommendations. For example, if you found that the mean height of male biology majors was significantly larger than that of female biology majors, you might report this result (in blue) and your statistical conclusion (shown in red) as follows males (180. When you pose a testable hypothesis that can be answered experimentally, or ask a question that can be answered by collecting samples, you accumulate observations about those organisms or phenomena. How to prepare a dissertation proposal suggestions for students in education and the social and behavioral sciences your professor may assign the task of writing a research proposal for the following reasons develop your skills in thinking about and designing a comprehensive research study learn how to conduct a comprehensive review of the literature to ensure a research problem has not already been answered or you may determine the problem has been answered ineffectively and, in so doing, become better at locating scholarship related to your topic practice identifying the logical steps that must be taken to accomplish ones research goals critically review, examine, and consider the use of different methods for gathering and analyzing data related to the research problem and, nurture a sense of inquisitiveness within yourself and to help see yourself as an active participant in a proposal should contain all the key elements involved in designing a completed research study, with sufficient information that allows readers to assess the validity and usefulness of your proposed study Buy Writing a rationale for a research paper University Online at a discount

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    In a course where statistical tests are not employed, you would visually inspect these plots. Abstract useful to someone who may to reference your work. Therefore, enough key information (e. The take home point here is that the scientific format helps to insure that at whatever level a person reads your paper (beyond title skimming), they will likely get the key results and conclusions. You instructor will tell you the level of analysis that is expected.

    Decide which format best shows the result and go with it. In the mouse behavior paper, for example, you would begin the introduction at the level of mating behavior in general, then quickly focus to mouse mating behaviors and then hormonal regulation of behavior Writing a rationale for a research paper University For Sale

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    When using standard lab or field methods and instrumentation, it is not always necessary to explain the procedures (e. Many important discoveries can be traced to bad data. Your design and methods should be unmistakably tied to the specific aims of your study. Is the average height of male students the same as female students in a pool of randomly selected biology majors you would first collect height data from large random samples of male and female students. Who applies similar approaches to analyzing the research problem? The various arguments, themes, methodologies, approaches, and controversies expressed in the literature what are the major areas of disagreement, controversy, or debate? The literature which arguments are more persuasive, and why? Which approaches, findings, methodologies seem most reliable, valid, or appropriate, and why? Pay attention to the verbs you use to describe what an author saysdoes e For Sale Writing a rationale for a research paper University

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    Anova was used to compare mean weight gain in weight-matched calves fed the three different rations. For example, did you use mouse pups or adults? Seedlings or mature plants? Characteristics of the site pertinant to the study aims. Cited works should always use a standard format that follows the writing style advised by the discipline of your course i. The design elements and procedures for conducting the research are governed by standards within the predominant discipline in which the problem resides, so guidelines for research proposals are more exacting and less formal than a general project proposal. Its always better to acknowledge this than to have it brought up by your reader.

    Figures and tables are often found in an appendix Sale Writing a rationale for a research paper University

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